provided special rooms or areas for science, art, music, and physical education. There were still separate rooms for different grade levels, however, and the desks still were likely to be formally arranged. That is, the schoolroom was still largely designed to carry out the old-school program, which involved grade levels, uniform time blocks, and study of subject matters. Newer subjects, not newer teaching methods, accounted for most of what was new in school design.
The first school buildings constructed to encourage liberal teaching methods appeared in the mid-1950s. Folding interior (内部的) walls permitted the flexible use of space to encourage
large-group, small-group, or individual instruction. Some provided carrels for individual study, areas for team teaching, and centers for programmed instruction.
In the newest buildings called open schools, the use of space is even more flexible. Areas within the buildings can be readily expanded for program changes, and used for many kinds of functions. One should remember, though, the physical layout (布局) of a school cannot decide whether it has the conservative or liberal teaching practices. What determines whether the classroom is liberal or conservative is the spirit and attitude of the teacher.
11. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. School buildings reflect the improvement in education quality. B. The physical layout of a school should improve teaching practices. C. School buildings can reflect liberal or conservative views about education. D. Teachers' spirit and attitude determines the physical layout of the classroom.
12. What's the biggest difference between the earliest and the second-generation schools?
A. Subjects were newer in the latter as compared with the former.
B. Teaching methods were newer in the latter as compared with the former. C. Classrooms were laid out formally in the former and informally in the latter. D. The former had separate classrooms for different grades while the latter didn't.
13. The word \
A. a room with small space B. a room with folding walls C. a room with liberal instructions D. a room with conservative instructions
14. According to the passage, we may infer that the newest school buildings reflect ________.
A. a subject-centered view of education B. a student-centered view of education C. a teacher-centered view of education D. a practice-centered view of education
15. What of the following is implied in the passage?
A. In the newest teaching buildings, classrooms are much bigger.
B. In the schools of second generation, different grades were put in separate classrooms. C. In the earliest school classrooms, students' desks were fixed to the floor.
D. Before the mid-1950s, school buildings were built in a conservative way.
1. The university decided to increase the ________
of the lecture hall, which has only 200 seats. A. ability B. capacity C. facility D. faculty
2. Smart phones – with cameras and color screens
– can ________ images and data using wireless network technology. A. evolve B. depart C. transmit D. assure
3. Don't take someone you get to know from the
Internet to your house no matter how ________ he sounds. A. bold B. genuine C. flexible D. available
4. This kind of exercise will ________ your
creativity, renew your energy, and unlock your potential. A. bind B. yield C. embrace D. stimulate
5. We teachers do not consider it wise to ________
our students with all sorts of exams, tests and quizzes. A. load B. annoy C. sample D. explore
6. I'll be happy to help you, ________ you won't take
up too much of my time. A. as well as B. as long as C. as far as D. as soon as
7. He makes his students ________ knowledge
through various kinds of interesting activities. A. study B. learn C. achieve D. acquire
8. For years, scientists have debated the ________
dangers of building another nuclear plant after the terrible accident. A. available B. potential C. fascinating D. genuine
9. It was a worthwhile attempt ________ it failed to
achieve its purpose that we had hoped for. A. in the end B. now that C. all at once D. even though
10. Travel in space can be very exciting; ________, it
can also be boring and lonely at times. A. so B. however C. thus D. therefore
11. Politicians should not ________ in business
affairs that might affect their political judgment. A. engage B. embrace C. depart D. treasure
12. I wish to ________ a master's degree in electric
engineering after I graduate from college. A. pledge B. explore C. pursue D. approach
13. There is no greater importance ________
cultivating independence in children. A. in B. than C. of D. with
14. Don't worry too much, Jane. Your son ________
home already. Let's go back and check it out. A. returned B. will return C. has returned
D. may have returned
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the same passage or dialog.
What are baseball fans? Baseball fans wear their official team T-shirts and jackets everywhere, sometimes even to work. Then, whenever the team offers a free item, the fans rush to get it. In addition, baseball fans cover the walls of their rooms with their favorite players' pictures. When they go to a game, which they do as often as possible, the true baseball fans put on their team colors, grab their team flags, pin on their team buttons. At the game, these fans form a section, constantly encouraging their favorite players and enthusiastically responding to every cheer flashed on the electronic scoreboard.
Baseball fans, in addition to behaving crazily, are also extremely interested in things of small importance. Every day, they turn to the sports page of the newspaper and study last night's statistics. Their bookshelves are full of books and newspapers with information of their team. They delight in remembering such unimportant facts as who is left-handed and what food their favorite player likes.
Last of all, baseball fans are extremely loyal to the team of their choice. This strong loyalty makes fans dangerous, for anyone who dares to say to a loyal fan that some other team is better could be risking physical damage. Incidents of violence on the baseball field have increased in recent years and are a matter of growing concern.
From mid-October through March, baseball fans are like any other human beings. They pay their taxes, take out the garbage, and complain about the high cost of living or the latest home repair. But when April comes, the colors and radios go on, the record books come off the shelves, and the devotion returns. For the true baseball fan, another season of craziness has begun. 1.
According to the passage, which of the following behaviors do baseball fans have? A. Covering their walls with their team's flags. B. Going to their team's games as early as they can. C. Wearing their team's official T-shirts and jackets. D. Knowing the favorite colors of their team players.
According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. Baseball fans react passionately when their team gets a score. B. Baseball fans of a team try to sit together in one area at a game.
C. Baseball fans can remember all the important facts of their favorite players. D. Baseball fans will go immediately to get a free item that the team gives out.
What does the word \ A. crazy B. devoted C. friendly D. reasonable